Pioneers First Traveled in Wagons Along the Oregon Trail in

Pioneers First Traveled in Wagons Along the Oregon Trail in.

Homesteader. Each of these terms is a synonym for
pioneer. Throughout history, there have been many pioneers with rich stories to tell who have helped shape our lives. People from many different backgrounds, countries, and nationalities take led the mode due west and blazed a trail for others to follow. Practice yous know what pioneer life was like?

Pioneer Origins

Pioneers represented an amazing multifariousness of cultures and backgrounds. Take for example, Narcissa Whitman. She was one of the first women to pioneer the Oregon Trail on human foot. Narcissa and her family unit settled in Washington State and helped minister to the Cayuse Indian tribe.

At the historic period of 14, young pioneer Mary Martha Wanlass was adamant to bring her family from Missouri to Utah to be with the Latter-twenty-four hours Saints. Afterward Mary’south father suffered a severe stroke and her stepmother passed away, Mary was left to raise her four siblings alone and bring her unabridged family across the plains in 1863 to Lehi, Utah.

An African American pioneer past the proper noun of James Beckwourth was built-in into slavery. Later being freed from slavery, James joined fur trapping expeditions and played a major role in pioneering the Rocky Mountains.

These are just a few examples of pioneers. Each of the states has a family unit history that is rich with stories of those who helped to prepare the mode. By researching and connecting to your own family, you can observe your ain ancestors and learn of their pioneering journeys.

Pioneer Companies and Trails

An astonishing number of pioneers traveled west. Historians estimate that about 500,000 people followed trails like the Oregon Trail, California Trail, and Mormon Trail. Many travelers journeyed in companies, while others did non.

The start pioneer company to travel across the entirety of what was to become the Oregon Trail was the Wyeth–Lee Company. Nathaniel Wyeth (1802–1856) was very knowledgeable about western landscapes and tribes and suggested routes west as he set out with his first party of about l people.

An American Pioneer Company sits around a fire

Many pioneers traveled the California Trail during the years of the California Gilt Rush, but the trail was first used by immigrants such as the Bartleson–Bidwell party, who journeyed w in 1841. This political party originally numbered more than 60 members and was the starting time wagon company to cantankerous what is now Utah.

Over 200 Latter-day Saints pioneer companies traveled the Overland Trail during the period 1847–1868. Some companies had as few as one person, while others had over 500 pioneers.

Pioneer Life on the Trail

With trails spreading out across the U.s.a., pioneers traveled hundreds and even thousands of miles through undeniable hardship and danger. Pioneer journals and histories give us a close look at what pioneer life was truly like for and then many individuals who headed w.

Life for pioneers on the Oregon Trail wasn't always easy.

From the story of Mary Martha Wanlass, a fourteen-year-sometime pioneer who led her family across the plains:

“By the time they were able to continue their journeying, they were then far behind, they never did catch up with anyone. The three small children were placed on the backs of oxen and the 9 year former boy acted as the pilot. . . . Day after twenty-four hour period they trudged over the country, meeting lawless men who had deserted both armies and were foraging for themselves. They pushed on until the final settlement was left behind and nix but a treeless and trackless wilderness lay before them.”1

In her periodical, Narcissa Whitman wrote:

Read the personal stories of Narcissa Whitman and other pioneers as they joined the Westward Expansion on the Oregon Trail.

“In the morning every bit soon as the mean solar day breaks the first that nosotros hear is the words, ‘Arise! Arise!’—and so the mules set such a noise as you never heard, which puts the whole military camp in motion.

“Girls, how do you think nosotros manage to rest ourselves every noon, having no house to shelter the states from the scorching heat, or sofa on which to recline? Possibly y’all recollect nosotros always encamp in the shade of some thick wood. Such a sight I take not seen, lo, these many weeks.”two

Some pioneers traveled in covered wagons, or “prairie schooners,” while others pulled handcarts and completed the journey on pes. Life on the trail was not easy. Many faced family deaths to sicknesses such as cholera, measles, and smallpox. Starvation, harsh weather conditions, and travel accidents were common and took their toll, no matter which trail pioneers chose to travel or how advisedly they prepared.

However, some pioneers took on the challenges of the W with a surprising amount of gusto. James Beckwourth recorded many adventures of capture and adoption by an Indian tribe and meeting such famous men as Jim Bridger and Jedediah Smith. His autobiography was passed on, and although his yarns may have been in some part exaggerated, many of his tales have confirmation from other sources.3

Pastimes and Activities

While the journey westward was long and full of challenges, pioneers constitute means to enjoy themselves with creative games and activities. Many games and toys were bootleg and carved from woods.

Y’all tin can find many sources describing pioneer activities. If any of the games beneath look fun to you, read the full instructions in this collection of pioneer pastimes from Historic Nauvoo.

These fun pioneer pasttimes and activities can be enjoyed by the whole family even today!

  • Edible bean Handbag Double Can: Toss a edible bean bag from one tin can to some other on opposite ends of a stick.
  • Graces: Catch a flight hoop on your stick before it hits the ground.
  • Paddle Ball with Holes: A ball is fastened past a string to a paddle. The goal is to get the brawl into the holes in the paddle.
  • Flim-flam and Geese: A pattern game, where the object is to eliminate all marbles from the board.
  • Climbing Comport: A wooden bear is attached to two strings and suspended in the air, and the goal is to become the acquit to the top of the strings.
  • Gee Haw Whammy Diddle: Wooden dowels create a propeller that spins in the air.
  • Stick Pull: 2 people compete in a game of force to encounter who can pull the stick difficult plenty to unseat the other.
  • Whirly Gig: A circular wooden circle is attached to string. By pulling the string, the wooden circle moves dorsum and forth like a saw.

Pioneers also spent time cooking. Their ultimate goal was to take food that would last for days without waste. The following pioneer recipes are some that perhaps could accept been found along the Oregon Trail.

Discover Your Pioneer Ancestors

Despite the sacrifices and trials they faced, many pioneers connected their journeys with organized religion and conclusion in hopes of creating opportunities for themselves and future generations. Practice yous have pioneers amidst your ancestors? Search for your relatives in FamilySearch collections of pioneer records to piece together their stories:

These wiki pages can point you to other pregnant pioneer record collections, though not all of them are freely bachelor:

  • Oregon Trail Settlers and Records
  • California Trail Settlers and Records
  • Mormon Trail Settlers and Records

If you accept a FamilySearch Family Tree, learning nearly your pioneer heritage can be even easier with FamilySearch tools. With a little family history exploration, yous can find pioneers with remarkable, inspiring stories among your very own relatives.

  1. Carter, Kate B. 1958.
    Our Pioneer Heritage. Salt Lake Urban center, Utah: Daughters of Utah Pioneers.
  2. “Narcissa Whitman,” National Parks Service, accessed July 17, 2017. https://world wide
  3. “James Pierson Beckwourth,”, accessed July 17, 2017. https://world wide

Pioneers First Traveled in Wagons Along the Oregon Trail in