Which Fundamental Right is Protected in This Excerpt

Which Fundamental Right is Protected in This Excerpt.

Latest Fundamental Rights MCQ Objective Questions

Fundamental Rights MCQ Question 1:

RTE, Human activity‐ 2009 is based on which article of the Constitution of India?

  1. Article 22
  2. Article 44
  3. Article 21A
  4. Article 86

Answer
(Detailed Solution Beneath)

Option iii : Article 21A

Correct to Educational activity Act: Every kid between the ages of
6 to 14
years has the
right to free and compulsory teaching.
This is stated equally per the
86th Constitution Amendment Act via Commodity 21A. The Right to Education Act seeks to give event to this amendment.






Key Points




Main Features of the
Correct to Education (RTE) Deed, 2009

  • Free and compulsory pedagogy to all children of India in the half dozen to 14 age group.
  • No child shall be held back, expelled or required to pass a board exam until the completion of uncomplicated education.
  • If a child higher up 6 years of age has not been admitted in whatever school or could non complete his or her elementary instruction, then he or she shall exist admitted in a course appropriate to his or her age. However, if a case may be where a child is directly admitted in the class appropriate to his or her age, and then, in society to be at par with others, he or she shall have a right to receive special grooming within such time limits as may be prescribed. Provided further that a kid and so admitted to elementary education shall be entitled to free education till the completion of elementary education even later fourteen years.
  • Proof of historic period for access: For the purpose of admission to elementary pedagogy, the age of a child shall be determined on the basis of the nascence certificate issued in accordance with the Provisions of Birth. Deaths and Marriages Registration Human action 1856, or on the basis of such other certificate as may be prescribed.
    No child shall exist denied access in a school for lack of historic period proof.
  • A child who completes simple education shall exist awarded a document.
  • Call needs to be taken for a fixed pupil-teacher ratio.
  • Twenty-five per cent reservation
    for economically disadvantaged communities in access to Class I in all private schools is to be done.
  • Improvement in the quality of instruction is important.
  • School teachers will need acceptable professional caste within five years or else will lose the job.
  • Schoolhouse infrastructure (where at that place is a trouble) need to be improved in every 3 years, else recognition will be cancelled.
  • The financial brunt will exist shared betwixt the state and the central authorities.

Fundamental Rights MCQ Question ii:

____ has/accept the power to implement the Central Right.

  1. The Supreme Courtroom and High Courts
  2. Members of Parliament
  3. The President
  4. None of these

Answer
(Detailed Solution Below)

Option 1 :
The Supreme Court and Loftier Courts

The correct reply is
The Supreme Court and High Courts
.



Fundamental Points


  • The Supreme and High Court has the power to implement cardinal right.
  • The
    Fundamental Rights
    are enshrined in Role III of the Constitution (Articles 12-35).

    • Part Iii of the Constitution is described as the Magna Carta of India.





Additional Information


  • ​Fundamental rights
    are protected by the judiciary of India and in case of their violation, a person tin directly approach the Supreme Courtroom for justice every bit per
    Article 32
    of the Constitution. However, here we volition discuss the right to liberty.

  • Commodity 32 and Article 226
    empower the
    Supreme Court and the High Courts
    to bring suit against a authorities body for violation of the rights and freedoms of any citizen.

Cardinal Rights MCQ Question 3:

Which commodity provides every citizen the Fundamental Correct to Life that likewise includes the Correct to Wellness?

  1. Article 19
  2. Article 21
  3. Article 32
  4. Article 20
  5. Answer Not Known

Answer
(Detailed Solution Beneath)

Option two : Article 21

The correct reply is
Article 21
.





Key Points


  • Commodity 21

    • Supreme Court ruled
      that
      Article 21
      provides every citizen the Fundamental Right to Life that also includes the Right to Health.
    • Article 21 declares that no person shall be deprived of his
       life or personal liberty
       except co-ordinate to the procedure established by police force.
    • This right is available to both citizens and non-citizens.
    • The correct to life is non merely confined to animal beingness or survival but also includes the right to live with human nobility and all those aspects of life which get to make a human being’s life meaningful, complete, and worth living.
  • Right to Didactics:


    • Commodity 21 (A)
       declares that the State shall provide gratuitous and compulsory didactics to all children of the age of six to fourteen years.
    • This provision makes just elementary education a Fundamental Right and not higher or professional instruction.
    • This provision was added by the86

      th

       Constitutional Amendment Deed of 2002.
    • Before the 86th amendment, the Constitution contained a provision for free and compulsory pedagogy for children under
      Article 45 in Role IV
      of the constitution.

Cardinal Rights MCQ Question 4:

Which of the following primal rights cannot exist suspended during a National emergency?

  1. Article 15 and 16
  2. Commodity nineteen and 20
  3. Article 20 and 21
  4. Article 24 and 25
  5. Answer Not Known

Answer
(Detailed Solution Below)

Option 3 : Article 20 and 21

The correct answer is
Article xx and 21.





Cardinal Points


  • Fundamental rights during National Emergency:

    • Articles 358 and 359 describe the effect of a National Emergency on Primal Rights.
    • These two provisions are explained below:
  • Suspension of Fundamental rights under Article 19:

    • According to Commodity 358, when a announcement of National Emergency is fabricated, the six fundamental rights nether article 19 are automatically suspended.
    • Article xix is automatically revived after the expiry of the emergency.
    • The 44th Amendment Human activity laid out that Article 19
      can only be suspended when the National Emergency is laid on the grounds of war or external aggression and not in the case of armed rebellion.
  • Suspension of other Fundamental Rights:

    • Under Article 359,
      the President is authorized to suspend, by gild, the correct to move any court for the enforcement of Fundamental Rights during a National Emergency.
    • Thus, remedial measures are suspended and not the Cardinal Rights.
    • The suspension of enforcement relates to but those Fundamental Rights that are specified in the Presidential Order.
    • The suspension could exist for the menstruation during the performance of an emergency or for a shorter period.
    • The Order should exist laid before each Firm of Parliament for approval.
    • The 44 Amendment Human activity mandates that the President cannot suspend the right to move to the courtroom for the enforcement of Central Rights guaranteed past Articles 20 and 21.

Fundamental Rights MCQ Question v:

With reference to the Key right, consider the post-obit statements:

1. Cardinal rights are absolute in nature.

2. The Cardinal Rights are enshrined in Part III of the Constitution (Manufactures 12-35).

3.Half dozen fundamental rights were mentioned in the original constitution of Republic of india.

Which of the above argument is/are right?

  1. one and 3 only
  2. 2 and three merely
  3. 2 only
  4. 1, 2, and iii

Respond
(Detailed Solution Below)

Selection 3 : 2 only

The correct reply is
2 but
.





Fundamental Points


Fundamental Rights of Indian Constitution

  • TheConstitution of Indiaoffers all citizens, individually and collectively,some bones freedoms.
  • TheFundamental Rights areenshrined in Part III of theConstitution (Articles 12-35).
    Hence, Statement 2 is correct.
  • Part Iii of the Constitution i.east. the Fundamental Rights is described as theMagna Carta of India.
  • They are an integral role of the Indian Constitution.
  • These are guaranteed in the Constitution in the form of half-dozen wide categories of Fundamental Rights, which are justiciable.
  • Originally,Seven fundamental rights were mentioned in the constitution of India.

    1. Correct to Equality (Article fourteen-xviii)
    2. Right to Liberty (Article xix-22)
    3. Right confronting Exploitation (Article 23-24)
    4. Right to Freedom of Religion (Article 25-28)
    5. Cultural and Educational Rights (Article 29-xxx)
    6. Right to Property (Commodity 31)
    7. Correct to Constitutional Remedies (Article 32)
  • However,
    the Correct to Holding was removed from the list of fundamental rights by the 44th Constitutional Amendment human action, 1978.
  • It is made a legal right nether Article 300-A in Part XII of the Constitution. So now, there are only six Central Rights.
    Hence, Statement three is not right.
  • Key rights are not accented or unlimited rights.

    • Regime can putreasonable restrictions on the exercise of our fundamental rights.
    • Article nineteen(2) – The State tinimpose reasonable restrictions on the exercise of the freedom of speech and expression on the grounds of sovereignty and integrity of Bharat, the security of the state, friendly relations with foreign states, public order, decency or morality, contempt of courtroom, defamation, and incitement to an offence.
      Hence, Statement 1 is not correct.
  • FRs are not absolute merely qualified rights.





Additional Information


  • There aresix Fundamental Rights-

Article 14 – xviii

Correct to Equality

Article xix-22

Right to Freedom

Article 23-24

Right against Exploitation

Article 25-28

Right to Freedom of Religion

Commodity 29-thirty

Cultural & Instruction Rights

Article 32

Correct to Constitutional Remedies

Top Fundamental Rights MCQ Objective Questions

Commodity 19 of the Indian Constitution includes which of the following right?

  1. Right to Constitutional Remedies
  2. Correct confronting exploitation
  3. Right to freedom of speech and expression
  4. Right to freedom of Religion

Answer
(Detailed Solution Below)

Option iii : Right to freedom of speech and expression

The correct reply is theCorrect to freedom of speech and expression.


  • Article 19 of the Indian Constitution includes the Right to freedom of oral communication and expression
    .





Key Points


  • Article nineteen
    deals with the
    six Central Rights. They are:

    • Right to liberty of speech and expression.
    • Right to assemble peacefully and without arms.
    • Right to course clan or unions or co-operatives.
    • Correct to move freely throughout the territory of India.
    • Correct to reside and settle in any part of the territory of Bharat.
    • Right to practice any profession or to deport on any occupation, merchandise or business organisation.
  • Key Rights:

    • The Fundamental Rights accept been described in
      Articles 12-35, Part Three
      of the Indian Constitution.
    • The
      Correct to Belongings (Commodity 31)
      was deleted from the list of
      Fundamental Rights.

      • By the
        44th Amendment Human action, 1978
        , it is made a normal constitutional right under
        Act 300A in Part XII

        of the Constitution





Boosted Data


  • Correct to Constitutional Remedies
    is enumerated in
    Articles 32-35.
  • Correct confronting exploitation
    is enumerated inArticles 23 and 24.
  • The
    right to freedom of Religion is enumerated inManufactures 25-28.
  • Fundamental Rights that are available to citizens but and not to foreigners: Commodity 15,sixteen, 19, 29 and xxx.

Primal rights in the Indian constitution have been taken from the

  1. Russian constitution
  2. U.S. constitution
  3. British constitution
  4. Act of 1935

Answer
(Detailed Solution Below)

Option two : U.S. constitution

The correct answer is
U.S. Constitution
.





Important Points


Canada
  • Federation with a strong Centre
  • Vesting of residuary powers in the Centre
  • Appointment of state governors by the Middle
  • Advisory jurisdiction of the Supreme Court
Ireland
  • Directive Principles of State Policy
  • The nomination of members to Rajya Sabha
  • Method of ballot of the President
Japan
  • Process Established past law
Soviet Matrimony (USSR) (now, Russia)
  • Primal Duties
  • The ideals of justice (social, economic and political) in the Preamble
United kingdom
  • Parliamentary authorities
  • Rule of Law
  • Legislative procedure
  • Single Citizenship
  • Cabinet system
  • Prerogative writs
  • Parliamentary privileges
  • Bicameralism

Usa

  • Fundamental rights
  • Independence of judiciary
  • Judicial review
  • Impeachment of the President
  • Removal of Supreme Court and High Court judges
  • Post of Vice-President

How many articles come under ‘Correct to Equality’?

  1. 2
  2. 3
  3. 5
  4. four

Answer
(Detailed Solution Below)

Choice iii : 5

The correct reply is

5.







Important Points




The
Right to Equality
provides:

  • For the equal treatment of everyone earlier the constabulary
  • Prevent discrimination on various grounds
  • Treats everybody every bit equals in matters of public employment
  • Abolish untouchability and titles

The article mentioned nether the right to equality

       Articles Provision
Article – 14 The country shall non deny any person equality before the law or the equal protection of the police inside the territory of India, on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex, or place of birth.
Article – 15 The country shall not discriminate against any denizen on the grounds just of religion, race, degree, sex, identify of birth, or any of them.
Article – 16 At that place shall be equality of opportunity for all citizens in matters relating to employment or appointment to any office under the state.
Article – 17 Abolition of untouchability.
Article – xviii Abolition of all titles except military and academic.

Who among the following headed the nine-judge constitutional demote that declared the right to privacy as a fundamental right?

  1. JS Khehar
  2. Dipak Misra
  3. HJ Kania
  4. TS Thakur

Reply
(Detailed Solution Beneath)

Option 1 : JS Khehar

The right respond is

JS Khehar.





Important Points


  • JS Khehar headed the nine-judge constitutional bench that declared the correct to privacy as a
    central correct.
  • Protected under the constitution of Bharat on24 August 2017, the Supreme Court of Republic of india made a historic judgment and alleged the right to privacy as a primal right.
  • Jagdish Singh Khehar
    was the sometime and
    44th Master Justice
    of India. He was appointed as the
    CJI
    in the year 2017.





Additional Information


  • The
    present Chief Justice of India isJustice Uday Umesh Lalit(Baronial 2022). He took the function of Master Justice of Bharat and go the49th CJI of Bharat.
  • Justice Dipak Misra
    was the former and 45th Chief Justice of Bharat. He played an of import role in legalizing gay sex activity and in the removal of
    section 377.
  • H. J. Kania
    served equally the
    first Chief Justice of Republic of india
    from the year of 1950 to 1951.

In which of the following articles of Constitution, the Right to Equality are mentioned?

  1. Articles 19 – 22
  2. Articles 23 – 24
  3. Articles fourteen – 18
  4. Articles 25 – 28

Reply
(Detailed Solution Below)

Option iii : Articles 14 – 18

The correct answer is
Manufactures 14 – eighteen
.


  • The Right to Equality is mentioned from Articles fourteen to18
    .





Key Points


  • Article 14:

    The Land shall not deny to any person equality before the law or the equal protection of the laws within the territory of Republic of india, on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of nascence.
  • Commodity 15:
    The Land shall not discriminate against whatsoever citizen on grounds only of organized religion, race, caste, sex, identify of birth or any of them.
  • Article sixteen:
    There shall be equality of opportunity for all citizens in matters relating to employment or engagement to any office under the State.
  • Article 17:
    Abolition of untouchability.
  • Commodity 18:
    Abolitionism of all titles except armed services and academic.





Additional Information


  • The Fundamental Rights are enshrined inArticles 12 to 35 inPart III of the Indian Constitution.
  • The Fundamental Rights arejustifiable in nature.
  • Other articles include:

    • Article 19: Correct to Liberty.
    • Article 20: Protection in respect of Conviction for Offences.
    • Article 21: Protection of Life and Personal Liberty.
    • Article 22: Safeguards against Capricious Arrest and Detention.
    • Articles 23-24: Right against Exploitation.
    • Articles 25-28: Right to Freedom of Organized religion.
    • Manufactures 29-thirty: Rights to minorities (cultural and educational rights).
    • Manufactures 32-35: Right to Ramble Remedies

Article 21A of the Constitution of India provides Right to _______.

  1. Piece of work
  2. Privacy
  3. Equality
  4. Education

Answer
(Detailed Solution Below)

Choice 4 : Education

The correct answer is
Education
.





Cardinal Points


  • There are 6 fundamental rights enshrined in Part Three (Articles 12 to 35) of the constitution of Republic of india.
  • Fundamental rights apply universally to all citizens, irrespective of race, birthplace, faith, caste or gender.
  • Article 21A
    of the Constitution of India provides the Right to

    Education
    .
  • The RTE Act of the Parliament of India was enacted on 4 August 2009 and came into force on 1 April 2010.
  • The
    Constitution (86th Subpoena) Act, 2002
    inserted Article 21A in the Constitution of India to provide complimentary and compulsory instruction of all children in the age group of half dozen to fourteen years as a Fundamental Right.





Additional Information


  • The Central Rights enshrined in the Constitution are-
Fundamental Correct Article
Right to equality (14 – xviii)
Right to freedom (19 – 22)
Right against exploitation (23 – 24)

Right to freedom of religion

(25 – 28)
Cultural and educational rights (29 – 30)
Right to constitutional remedies (32)

In the Indian Constitution, equally per Fundamental Rights, Abolition of Untouchability is a ________.

  1. Right to equality
  2. Correct to liberty of religion
  3. Correct confronting exploitation
  4. Right to Ramble remedy

Answer
(Detailed Solution Below)

Option 1 : Correct to equality

The right respond is choice

1
, i.due east.
Right to equality
.



Important Points:


  • In the Indian Constitution, as per Fundamental Rights,
    Abolitionism of Untouchability
    is a
    Right to Equality.
  • According to the Right to Equality, all citizens are equal before the law and any discrimination on the basis of race, religion, gender, and degree or birthplace is prohibited.
  • Right to Equality is described nether
    Article 14-18
    of the Constitution.
  • Abolition of untouchability is provided in
    Article 17.





Key Points:


The Indian Constitution provides

half-dozen Fundamental  Rights

  1. Right to equality ( Manufactures xiv – 18)
  2. Correct to freedom ( Articles 19 – 22)
  3. Right confronting exploitation (Manufactures 23 – 24)
  4. Right to freedom of religion ( Articles 25 – 28)
  5. Cultural and educational rights (Articles 29 – xxx)
  6. Right to constitutional remedies ( Commodity 32)

Which Article of the Indian Constitution abolished the practice of untouchability?

  1. Article 16
  2. Article 17
  3. Article 18
  4. Article 20

Reply
(Detailed Solution Below)

Option 2 : Article 17

The correct answer is

Article 17.





Fundamental Points


  • Article 17- Abolition of Untouchability:

    • Untouchability is abolished and its do in any form is forbidden.
    • In fact, the enforcement of any disability arising out of untouchability shall be an offense punishable in accordance with the police force.
    • Abolitionism of untouchability has been included among the central rights under article17.
    • In fact, this is one of the few central rights which is available against individuals.
    • To make an untouchability law further stiff, parliament passed an
      Untouchability (offenses) Act in 1955.
    • However, this act was further amended and too renamed in the twelvemonth of 1976 as Protection of the
      Civil Rights Act, 1955.






Additional Data



Other important articles:

Article 16
Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment.
Article eighteen
Abolition of title.
Article 20
Protection in respect of conviction for offenses.

Article – 21 of the Indian Constitution entitles

  1. Right to Liberty of Religion
  2. Correct to Equality
  3. Correct to Life
  4. Right to Ramble Remedies

Answer
(Detailed Solution Below)

Pick 3 : Right to Life

Articles 12-35 of the Indian Constitution deal with Fundamental Rights.

  • These human rights are conferred upon the citizens of India for the Constitution tells that these rights are inviolable.
  • Correct to Life, Right to Nobility, Right to Instruction etc. all come under one of the vi main fundamental rights.

  • Article 21: Protection of Life and Personal Liberty

    • This article declares that
      no person shall exist deprived of his life or personal libertyexcept according to the procedure established by law. This correct is available to both citizens and non-citizens.
    • The right to life is not merely confined to animal beingness or survival but too includes the
      right to alive with homo dignity and all those aspects of life which go to make a man’due south life meaningful, complete and worth living.

Thus, we tin can say thatArticle – 21 of the Indian Constitution entitles the Right to Life.






Additional Information



  • Equality Earlier Police:
    Commodity 14 says that no person shall be denied treatment of equality earlier the constabulary or the equal protection of the laws within the territory of India.
  • Commodity 25 guarantees the freedom of conscience, the
    freedom to profess, practice and propagate religion
    to all citizens.
  • Right to Constitutional Remedies (Article 32 – 35)– The Constitution guarantees remedies if citizens’ fundamental rights are violated. The government cannot infringe upon or curb anyone’due south rights. When these rights are violated, the aggrieved party can approach the courts. Citizens tin can fifty-fifty go direct to the Supreme Court which can event writs for enforcing central rights.

The scope of the Article 21 of the Constitution was expanded to include Right of Educational activity, because of the determination of Supreme Court in the instance

  1. Unnikrishnan v/s Andhra Pradesh
  2. Govind v/s State of Madhya Pradesh
  3. Parmanand Katara v/s Wedlock of Republic of india
  4. Chameli Singh v/due south State of Uttar Paradesh

Answer
(Detailed Solution Beneath)

Selection 1 : Unnikrishnan v/s Andhra Pradesh

The correct reply is
Unnikrishnan v/south Andhra Pradesh.

  • The correct to teaching became a cardinal correct by the
    86th amendment of 2002.
  • The scope of Article 21 of the constitution was expanded to include the Right of Education, because of the decision of the Supreme Court in the case ofUnnikrishnan
    v/s
    Andhra Pradesh.

    • The Supreme court’s landmark judgment in the Unnikrishnan JP vs State of Andhra Pradesh was in
      1993.
    • This case expressed disagreement with the finding in the before case of
      Mohini Jain v State of Karnataka 1992.
  • The 86th constitutional amendment insertedArticle 21 A
    into the Indian constitution.
  • Article 21 A says that the state shall provide free and compulsory education to all children in the
    age-group of 6-14.
  •  The Right to educational activity deed came into force on
    1st April 2010.
  • The case of
    Govind five. Land of Madhya Pradesh
    is the landmark example associated with the
    right to privacy.
  • The case ofParmanand Katara v/s Marriage of Bharat is associated with the obligation on the State to preserve life.
  • The case ofChameli Singh five/due south State of Uttar Pradesh
    is associated with the right to shelter as a component of the correct to life under Article 21 and freedom of movement nether Article 19(1)(e).

Which function of the Indian Constitution contains the Cardinal Rights of the citizens?

  1. Part Three of the Constitution
  2. Part VI of the Constitution
  3. The 7th Schedule of the Constitution
  4. None of the higher up

Answer
(Detailed Solution Below)

Option 1 : Function III of the Constitution

The correct respond is

Part III of the Constitution
.





Cardinal Points


  • Fundamental Rights (FRs) are known equally the base of the Indian constitution & mentioned in Role Three of the constitution.
  • They prohibit
    unreasonable interference of the state & prevents its executive & legislature to become disciplinarian, hence put due limitations of land power.
  • Observance of fundamental duties is required for having ane’s FRs redressed in case of their violation.





Important Points


  • FRs are not absolute but qualified rights.
  • It Subject to certain restrictions imposed by the state on the question of national security, interest & general welfare of the lodge.
  • But restrictions are checked by SC & HCs, whether restrictions are reasonable or not.
  • SC verdict in the K
    olaknath Five/Southward state of Punjab (1967)
    – FRs have been given a transcendental position by constitution hence no authority functioning nether the constitution including parliament has the ability to better FRs.
  • In
    Keshavananda Bharati Five/S state of Kerala, 1973

    ,
    SC held that parliament has the power to amend any provision of the constitution including part III, nonetheless, parliament’s amending ability subjects to
    “Bones structure of the constitution”.






Additional Information



In that location are
half-dozen Fundamental Rights-

Commodity 14 – 18 Right to Equality
Article xix-22 Right to Freedom
Commodity 23-24 Right against Exploitation
Article 25-28 Correct to Freedom of Religion
Article 29-30 Cultural & Instruction Rights
Article 32 Correct to Constitutional Remedies

Which among the post-obit countries was the earliest to give women the correct to vote?

  1. France
  2. The states
  3. Australia
  4. UK

Answer
(Detailed Solution Beneath)

Pick 3 : Australia

The correct answer isAustralia.


  • Australia

    was the earliest to give women the right to vote.
  • On
    September 19, 1893, the governor Lord Glasgow, signed a new Electoral Act into constabulary.New Zealand
    became the beginning self-governing country in the globe to grant women the correct to vote in parliamentary elections.
  • Nine years later,
    Commonwealth of australia
    followed suit and also passed a suffrage act for women, later on independence from Great Great britain.
  • This act took event in 1902, and though it did apply to all women in the new land, aboriginal women were left out.
  • Aborigines, male person and female, did not have the right to vote until 1962.






Important Points


  • New Zealand:It was the
    beginning
    state to give women the right to vote.
  • Australia: It was the
    second
    country to requite women the right to vote.
  • Finland:
    It was the
    first European
    country to give women the right to vote.

New Zealand is not given in the options and so our correct respond will be

Australia
.

Which of the following Article state the “Abolition of Titles”?

  1. Commodity eighteen
  2. Article 17
  3. Article sixteen
  4. Article 15

Reply
(Detailed Solution Below)

Selection ane : Article eighteen

The Correct answer is
Article 18.

  • Article 18-abolitionism of titles.





Key Points


Articles Statements
Commodity 13
  • Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of the fundamental right.
  • Declares that all the laws with are inconsistent to the central rights shall be void, information technology likewise provides doctrine of judicial review.

Cardinal Rights

RIGHT TO EQUALITY(Article 14-Article-18)

Article xiv
  • Equality before the constabulary.
  • The state shall not deny to whatsoever person equality before the law or equal protection law within the territory of Bharat.
Article 15
  • Prohibition of discrimination on the ground of faith, race, caste, sex, or place of birth.
Commodity 16
  • Equality of opportunity in public matters of public employment.
Commodity 17
  • Abolitionism of untouchability.
  • It abolishes untouchability and forbids its do in whatever form and the enforcement of untouchability in any grade shall be punishable.
Commodity 18
  • Abolition of titles.
  • Makes four provisions
  1. Prohibits state for giving titles.
  2. Prohibits denizen to have whatever title.
  3. A foreigner having the office of profit tin can not accept whatsoever championship.
  4. No citizen or greenhorn holding the part of profit or trust can take any title or emoluments.

Access to the internet is the Primal Correct under which Article of the Indian constitution?

  1. Article 22
  2. Article 20
  3. Article 21
  4. Commodity 19

Answer
(Detailed Solution Below)

Option 4 : Article xix

The correct answer is

Article xix
.

  • Access to the internet is the fundamental right under
    Commodity nineteen

    .





Key Points


  • Fundamental Rights:
    • The Central Rights are described in
      Articles 12-35, Part Three
      of the Indian Constitution.
    • The
      Right to Belongings (Article 31)

      was deleted from the listing of Fundamental Act, 1978.
    • By the
      44th Subpoena Act, 1978, it is made a normal
      constitutional right
      under Human action
      300A in Part XII
      of the Constitution.
  • Article 19:

    • It guarantees
      6 rights

      to all citizens:

      • Right to freedom of spoken language and expression (two) Right to assemble peacefully and without arms.
      • Right to form associations or unions or co-operative societies.
      • Right to motility freely throughout the territory of India.
      • Correct to reside and settle in any part of the territory of India.
      • Right to exercise whatever profession or to carry on any occupation, trade, or business concern.
    • The correct to the Internet was made a fundamental right under
      Article xix(i)(a)

      of the Constitution.
    • Information technology was made a fundamental right in the year
      2020.






Additional Information



  • Article twenty: Protection in respect of confidence for offences.
  • Commodity 21: No person shall be deprived of his life or personal freedom except according to the procedure established by law.
  • Article 22: No person who is arrested shall be detained in custody without existence informed of the ground for such arrest.





Important Points


  • Cardinal rights
    are chosen the

    Cornerstone of the Constitution.
  • Fundamental rights + DPSP
    are called

    Conscience of the Constitution.

The Correct to Education Act was actually implemented past the Government of India on

  1. 15th
    August, 2009
  2. 26th
    January, 2010
  3. anest
    Apr, 2009
  4. 1st
    April, 2010

Answer
(Detailed Solution Beneath)

Option 4 : anest
April, 2010

The Right Answer is
1st Apr, 2010

  • The Legislation on the right of children to free
    and compulsory education or
    the Police on the right to teaching (RTE)
    is an Act of the Parliament of India promulgated on four August 2009, which sets out the modalities of the value of complimentary and compulsory teaching for children between 6 and 14 years of age in Bharat under Article 21A of the Indian Constitution.
  • India is one of 135 countries to make pedagogy a bones correct for every child when the Human activity came into event on 1st
    April 2010.
  • The Act allows didactics a ramble right of any child between the ages of 6 and 14 and establishes minimum requirements in simple schools.
    • The RTE Human action requires assessments to rail all communities, recognize children needing education, and set up facilities to provide pedagogy.





Important Points


  • The World Bank Didactics Specialist for India, Sam Carlson,
    said: “The RTE Act is the first law in the world to guarantee enrolment, attendance and completion of the Government. Information technology is the duty of parents to send children to schools in the United States and other nations.”
  • The right to teaching for people with disabilities up to the age of 18 years is set up downward in a split legislation-the Persons with Disabilities Act. A number of other clauses affecting the evolution of school buildings, teacher-student ratio and kinesthesia are set downward in the Act.

Right to Privacy is protected as an intrinsic office of Right to Life and Personal Liberty. Which of the following in the Constitution of Republic of india correctly and appropriately imply the above statement?

  1. Article xiv and the provisions under the 42nd Amendment to the Constitution
  2. Article 17 and the Directive Principles of State Policy in Part IV
  3. Commodity 21 and the freedoms guaranteed in Part III
  4. Article 24 and the provisions under the 44th Subpoena to the Constitution

Answer
(Detailed Solution Below)

Option 3 : Commodity 21 and the freedoms guaranteed in Part III

The Correct Reply is
Article 21 and the freedoms guaranteed in Part 3
.

  • Right to Privacy is protected as an intrinsic part of
    Right to Life and Personal Liberty under Article Article 21 and the freedoms guaranteed in Function Three of the Indian Constitution.
  • Right to Privacy has been declared equally a Primal Right past the Supreme Court in the case of Justice K.S. Puttaswamy (Retd) vs Union of India.
  • The Judgement overruled the verdicts given in M.P. Sharma case in 1958 and the Kharak Singh instance in 1961, both of which said that the right to privacy is non protected under the Indian constitution.

The 86thConstitution Subpoena Act, 2002 inserted which of the post-obit articles in the Constitution of India?

  1. 21-A
  2. 39-A
  3. 20-A
  4. 56-C

Answer
(Detailed Solution Below)

Selection 1 : 21-A

The right answer is
21-A
.

  • The
    86th
    subpoena

    to the constitution of Republic of india in 2002 provided

    • Right to Education every bit a
      Fundamental right
      in
      part -Iii
      of the constitution.
    • This amendment inserted
      Article -21Awhich fabricated the
      right to education
      a
      fundamental right
      for children
      between ages 6-14 years.





Additional Information


Article Detail
Article 39-A It provides provision for
gratis legal aid
to the poor and weaker sections of the society and ensures
justice for all
.
Commodity twenty-A Article 20(ane) provides the provision to protect individuals confronting
ex post facto legislation,
which means no individual can be convicted for actions that were committed before the enactment of the constabulary.
Article 56-C The President shall, notwithstanding the expiration of his term, continue to hold office until his successor enters upon his role.

Which 1 of the following categories of Fundamental Rights incorporates protection confronting untouchability as a form of discrimination?

  1. Right confronting Exploitation
  2. Right to Liberty
  3. Right to Constitutional Remedies
    (Article 32)
  4. Right to Equality

Reply
(Detailed Solution Beneath)

Option 4 : Right to Equality

The Correct Reply is
Correct to Equality.





Key Points


  • Right to equality
    mentioned under
    Article 14-eighteen
    of the Indian Constitution.
  • Commodity 15 relates to the prohibition of discrimination on grounds of faith, race, caste, sexual practice, or place of nascence.
  • Commodity 16 guarantees equality of opportunity in matters of public employment.
  • Article 17 abolishes untouchability. Hence Option iv is Correct.
  • Article xviii abolishes the title.





Important Points


  • Part 3
    of the Constitution deals with
    Fundamental Rights.
  • The Constitution guarantees six fundamental rights to Indian citizens every bit follows
  • (i) right to equality,
  • (two) right to freedom
  • (3) right against exploitation
  • (4) right to freedom of faith
  • (v) cultural and educational rights
  • (vi) correct to constitutional remedies





Additional Information


  • The
    Right to freedom is stipulated nether Manufactures xix-22.
  • Article nineteen
    of the Constitution provides for the six freedoms

    • Freedom of oral communication and expression
    • Freedom to gather peacefully and without artillery
    • Liberty to form Associations and Marriage
    • Freedom to move freely throughout the territory of Bharat
    • Freedom to reside and settle in any part of Republic of india
    • Liberty to practise any profession or to carry on any occupation, trade or business organization
  • Article xx
    of the Constitution provides for the protection in respect of conviction for offences.
  • Article 21
    Provides for Protection of life and personal freedom.
  • Commodity 22deals with Protection against abort and detention in sure cases.
  • Article 32
    deals with Right to Constitutional Remedies.
  • The right against exploitation,
    given in
    Articles 23 and 24.
  • It provides for the abolition of trafficking in human beings and Begar (forced labour), and the abolition of employment of children below the historic period of 14 years in unsafe jobs like factories, mines, etc.

Which of the following Article of the Constitution of Republic of india prohibits employment of children in factories etc.?

  1. 31
  2. 17
  3. 24
  4. 21

Answer
(Detailed Solution Beneath)

Pick three : 24

The right respond is

24
.





Key Points


  • Article 24
    prohibits child labour.

    • Information technology mandates that
      No child below the age of 14 years
      shall be employed to work in whatsoever factory or mine or engaged in any other hazardous employment.





Important Points


  • Article 31 states that no person shall exist deprived of his/her belongings, except by authority of police.

    • It is also mentioned that bounty would be paid to a person whose property has been taken for public purposes.
    • Article 31 with the subheading “Right to Property” has been omitted past the Constitution Forty-4th Amendment Act 1978.
    • Article 31(ane) has been shifted to article 300A as a new insertion in Chapter IV in function XII of the constitution.
  • Article 17
    of the Indian Constitution abolishes the
    practice of untouchability

    in any form.

    • According to the provision of Article 17, “enforcement of any disability arising out of untouchability” is a punishable offence in accord with the law.
  • Article 21
    guarantees the
    protection of life and personal liberty
    to every individual.

    • It states that “No person shall be deprived of his life and personal liberty except according to the process established by police.

Which of the following is/are

incorrectly

matched?

1. Article 14: Abolition of Untouchability

ii. Article 15: Right against exploitation

3. Article 16: Right to equal opportunity in employment

4. Article 17: Abolition of Titles

  1. 1, 2 and 3 but
  2. 2, 3 and four only
  3. ane, 3 and four merely
  4. 1, 2 and 4 but

Answer
(Detailed Solution Below)

Selection 4 : one, two and iv but


1, 2, and 4 only are incorrectly matched.







Key Points




  • Commodity 14: The Stateshall not deny to any person equality before the law or the equal protection of the laws inside the territory of Bharat, on grounds of organized religion, race, caste, sex, or place of nascency.
    Hence 1 is

    incorrectly
    matched
  • Article 15: The Stateshall not discriminate confronting any citizen on grounds but of religion, race, caste, sex, identify of birth, or whatsoever of them.Hence ii is

    incorrectly
    matched
  • Article 16: There shall beequality of opportunity for all citizens in matters relating toemploymentordateto whatsoeveroffice under the State.
    Hence 3 is

    correctly
    matched
  • Article 17: Abolitionism of untouchability.Hence 4 is

    incorrectly
    matched
  • Article eighteen:  Abolition of all titles except armed forces and bookish titles.






Important Points



  • Fundamentalrights are the rights that areessential for the survival of people with nobility.
  • The Indian Constitution accommodates key rights that are Justiciable subject to reasonable restrictions.


There are six fundamental rights namely

  1. Correct toEquality(Articlefourteen-xviii)
  2. Right toliberty(Article19-22)
  3. Right againstexploitation(Article 23 and 24)
  4. Right to freedom ofreligion(Article 25-28)
  5. Culturalandeducationalrights (Commodity29 and 30)
  6. Rights toconstitutional remedies(Commodity32)

Which Fundamental Right is Protected in This Excerpt

Source: https://testbook.com/objective-questions/mcq-on-fundamental-rights–5eea6a1239140f30f369ecc5