Which is Not a Characteristic of Preeclampsia

Which is Not a Characteristic of Preeclampsia.

Preeclampsia is defined by high blood pressure and elevated levels of protein in the urine, which may occur after 20 weeks of pregnancy. Another characteristic of the condition is liver or kidney damage. Sometimes, preeclampsia can occur subsequently giving nascency. This is called postpartum preeclampsia.

Most people with preeclampsia have salubrious babies. Notwithstanding, left untreated, it tin crusade serious problems to the mother and the baby.

Preeclampsia occurs in 8% of pregnancies around the world, and cases in the United States have risen by nigh 25% since the 1980s.

Doctor checking blood pressure of pregnant woman

Alistair Berg / Getty Images



Symptoms of Preeclampsia

Signs of preeclampsia include high claret pressure, besides called hypertension, and proteinuria, where elevated levels of poly peptide are detected in your urine. The amount of poly peptide volition exist about 300 milligrams (mg) over a 24-hour urine drove in cases of preeclampsia.

Many people practice not have symptoms. Even if they do, information technology’s hard to recognize them as signs of preeclampsia. The condition is ordinarily suspected because of claret force per unit area and urine testing during a routine engagement with your obstetrician.

Other symptoms of preeclampsia may develop, including:

  • A headache that won’t get away
  • Shortness of breath
  • Blurred vision, seeing spots, or other vision changes
  • Pain in the upper abdomen or shoulder
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Sudden weight gain
  • Swelling in the hands or face
  • Lightheadedness

When preeclampsia progresses to more severe forms, additional signs and symptoms may include:

  • Low platelet count
  • Abnormal kidney or liver function
  • Intestinal hurting
  • Severe headache
  • Blood pressures of 140/90 mmHg and higher
  • Vision changes
  • Fluid in the lungs
  • Seizures

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When to Call Your Doctor

Some symptoms that occur with preeclampsia should prompt you to call your medico immediately, including:

  • Swelling in the hands or face up
  • Sudden weight proceeds over a day or ii
  • Headache that won’t go away or gets worse
  • Trouble urinating
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Vision changes
  • Dizziness
  • Stomach pain beneath your ribs, usually on the right
  • Right shoulder hurting
  • Trouble breathing


Causes

Information technology’s not articulate what causes preeclampsia. Changes in the placenta is a leading theory since the placenta creates proteins and a number of other substances that enter the pregnant person’south bloodstream. Proteins and other substances generated by the placenta are believed to play a vital function in the progression of pregnancy and even labor.

Factors that may increase the hazard of preeclampsia include:

  • Autoimmune disorders
  • Blood vessel issues
  • Your nutrition
  • Your genes

You’re more likely to develop preeclampsia during pregnancy if the following factors utilise to yous:

  • Kickoff pregnancy
  • Past history of preeclampsia
  • Multiple pregnancy (twins or more than)
  • Family history of preeclampsia
  • Obesity
  • Being older than 35 years quondam
  • History of diabetes, high claret pressure, or kidney disease
  • History of thyroid affliction

Lowering Your Risk of Preeclampsia

Although there is no certain way to foreclose preeclampsia, y’all tin can lower your take chances past maintaining a healthy weight, exercising, and following a healthy nutrition beforebecoming pregnant.
Those who are considered to be at higher take chances for developing preeclampsia and its related complications may be advised to take daily low-dose aspirin starting after 12 weeks of pregnancy.


Diagnosis

Your doctor volition perform a physical examination to evaluate for high blood pressure. Expect to also provide urine and blood samples for testing.

Your test and exam may bear witness the following if yous have preeclampsia:

  • High claret pressure
  • High levels of protein in your urine
  • Depression platelet count (thrombocytopenia)
  • Poor liver function
  • Tenderness in the upper abdomen
  • Poor kidney function
  • Pulmonary edema

Those who had low blood pressure at the start of their pregnancy, followed by a significant ascension in blood pressure level, may need to be monitored more closely for the development of preeclampsia.


Treatment

Preeclampsia oftentimes resolves afterward the babe is born and the placenta is delivered. Yet, it may persist or even begin afterward delivery.

Nearly often, at 37 weeks, your baby is developed enough to be healthy exterior of the womb. Your provider may want your baby to be delivered early so the preeclampsia does not go worse.

If your baby is not fully developed and you lot have mild preeclampsia, the illness tin sometimes be managed at home until your baby has matured.

Fetal monitoring will be done, and you may be given corticosteroids to assistance your baby’s lungs reach maturity in case a hasty commitment is required.

The baby may take to be delivered if there are signs and symptoms of preeclampsia with astringent features, including:

  • The bottom number of your claret pressure is 110 mmHg or greater or the top number is 160 mmHg or greater on 2 occasions at to the lowest degree four hours apart OR your claret pressure level remains elevated and medications need to be started
  • Abnormal liver role test results
  • Severe headaches
  • Pain in the stomach
  • Seizures or changes in mental function
  • Fluid buildup in the meaning person’s lungs
  • HELLP syndrome, which refers to a group of symptoms including hemolysis (destruction of scarlet blood cells), elevated liver enzymes, and depression platelet counts
  • Depression platelet count or bleeding
  • Abnormal or worsening kidney function tests

If you develop astringent preeclampsia, you lot may also be given magnesium sulfate to prevent seizures and medications to help control your claret pressure level.


Coping

Coping with preeclampsia tin can be hard. Brand certain y’all have a stiff support organization in place to help y’all and your babe stay safety. Talk to your doctor if you need help. If y’all have a hard time managing your condition at habitation, your doctor may have you admitted to the infirmary for better intendance.

People who develop preeclampsia during pregnancy are at higher risk of developing cardiovascular diseases afterward in life.
Talk to your dr. well-nigh your risks and steps you can take to protect your health after delivery.


Summary

Some people may develop high claret force per unit area later 20 weeks of pregnancy. Knowing whether you have risk factors for preeclampsia can help you and your doctor prepare for it and place it promptly if it does occur. If diagnosed in a timely mode, you and your infant tin be kept rubber.


A Discussion From Verywell

Preeclampsia can be a scary complication of pregnancy, but your doctor can help you come up with a plan to manage it if information technology does occur. If you lot are at high risk of developing preeclampsia or if yous have already been diagnosed, discuss next steps with your doctor. Seek out a skillful support system or tell your physician if you need more assist.

Verywell Health uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more well-nigh how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.

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By Rachael Zimlich, BSN, RN

Rachael is a freelance healthcare author and critical intendance nurse based near Cleveland, Ohio.

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Which is Not a Characteristic of Preeclampsia

Source: https://www.verywellhealth.com/preeclampsia-5184477