Which of the Following is Not a Goal of Psychology

Which of the Following is Not a Goal of Psychology.

Psychology is the scientific study of the mind and beliefs. While y’all might understand what psychology is, many people are non quite so sure about what psychology does. What purpose does psychology serve? What are its goals?

Permit’southward accept a closer look at the major goals of psychology, what psychologists strive to accomplish, and how psychology is used to solve real-world bug.

Illustration by Emily Roberts, Verywell


Describe

One of the first goals of psychology is simply to describe behavior. Through describing the behavior of humans and other animals, nosotros are better able to understand information technology and gain a better perspective on what is considered normal and abnormal.

Researchers might start by observing human beliefs and then describing a trouble. By understanding what is happening, psychologists tin can then work on learning more about why the beliefs happens and fifty-fifty how to change it.

Imagine that researchers want to learn more than near consumer behavior. They might apply market research surveys, direct observation, and other data collection methods to gather information on
what
people are doing when they shop. This gives researchers greater insight into what is really happening in a particular population.


Explain

As you might imagine, in addition to merely describing it, psychologists are also interested in explaining behavior. Why exercise people do the things they do? What factors contribute to evolution, personality, social behavior, and mental health problems?

Throughout psychology’s history, many theories have emerged to help explain diverse aspects of human beliefs. A few examples of such approaches including classical conditioning and attachment theories.

Some theories focus on just a small aspect of human behavior (known every bit mini-theories) while others serve as all-encompassing theories designed to explain all of human psychology (known every bit grand theories).

In the previous instance, researchers nerveless data to understand what consumers are purchasing. Psychologists would then behave research to understand
why
consumers purchase sure items. sure things are happening. They might ask questions about why people purchase certain items or what factors motivate them to make certain purchases.


Predict

Not surprisingly, another primary goal of psychology is to make predictions nigh how we think and act. One time nosotros understand more than about what happens and why it happens, we can use that information to make predictions about when, why, and how it might happen once more in the future.

Successfully predicting behavior is likewise 1 of the best ways to know if we empathise the underlying causes of our actions.

Prediction also allows psychologists to make guesses most homo beliefs without necessarily understanding the mechanisms underlying the phenomena.

For example, if researchers detect that scores on a particular aptitude exam predict loftier schoolhouse dropout rates, they can utilize that information to guess how many students might drop out of school each year.

In the previous instance looking at consumer beliefs, psychologists would use the information they collected to endeavor to predict what consumers will buy next. Businesses and marketers often employ consumer psychologists to brand such predictions and so that they can create products that volition appeal to buyers.


Change

Finally, and perhaps most importantly, psychology strives to modify, influence, or control behavior to brand constructive and lasting changes in people’s lives.

In our previous example, researchers might take what they know most the link between scores on an aptitude examination and dropout rates and use the information to develop programs designed to assistance students stay in school.

Marketers and businesses frequently use the understanding gained from psychological inquiry to endeavour to influence and persuade buyers to behave in sure ways. For example, they might design advertising campaigns designed to make a message appeal to a target audience. Past tailoring their messaging to specifically appeal to a sure type of buyer, those individuals are often more than likely to respond.


A Word From Verywell

So equally you accept learned, the 4 primary goals of psychology are to describe, explain, predict, and modify beliefs. In many ways, these objectives are similar to the kinds of things you probably do every mean solar day as you interact with others.

When dealing with children, for example, y’all might ask questions similar:

  • “What are they doing?” (describing)
  • “Why are they doing that?” (explaining)
  • “What would happen if I responded in this mode?” (predicting)
  • “What can I do to go them to stop doing that?” (changing)

Psychologists enquire many of the same types of questions, only they employ the scientific method to rigorously test and systematically understand both human and animal behavior.

By Kendra Blood-red

Kendra Cherry, MS, is an author and educational consultant focused on helping students learn about psychology.

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Which of the Following is Not a Goal of Psychology

Source: https://www.verywellmind.com/what-are-the-four-major-goals-of-psychology-2795603