You Are Driving on a Highway in Slippery Road Conditions.
In Saskatchewan, it’s possible that you could be operating your vehicle for at least v months of the year in winter driving weather condition. It’s in this period, from November to March, that most collisions occur.
Snow, ice and freezing pelting reduce traction. Drifting and blowing snow, fog, whiteouts, gas exhaust clouds and frosted windows may severely limit visibility.
The chief cause of collisions in wintertime months is failing to adapt to the irresolute conditions.
Preparing your vehicle
Winter weather, plus the furnishings of extremely depression temperatures, demand that a vehicle be in top condition. For this reason, a pre-winter check is a necessity, and in the end is less abrasive and less costly than battery boosts, tows and being late. Give special attending to your heater and defroster.
Besides equally getting a tune-upwards and adding antifreeze to your radiator, you would exist wise to have the following:
- snowfall tires
- block heater
- snow brush and scraper
- gas line antifreeze
- small snowfall shovel
- fix of traction mats
- booster cables (know how to use them)
For out of town trips, add the following survival equipment:
- extra warm clothes (include footwear, mitts and hats)
- a supply of candles and matches
- tow chain or rope
- nourishing freezable food (raisins, nuts, processed)
- sleeping numberless
- cellphone and charger cable
Preparing to encounter and to be seen
If yous cannot run into through your windows, you should non drive. If your lights and signals are to protect you, they must exist visible.
Before you drive, do the following:
- Brush the snow off your car.
- Scrape the windshield, rear and side windows.
- Clear your heater air intake (this is usually in front of the windshield).
- Clean your headlights, tail lights and bespeak lights.
- Exist sure to clear your tissue boxes, sunglasses, papers, etc., away from defroster outlets.
- Drive with your headlights on at all times. Even on a clear twenty-four hours, swirling snow makes information technology hard to see and to be seen.
Driving on slippery surfaces
Wintertime traction bug require a number of changes from summer driving techniques. The general rule for driving on glace conditions is drive
Yous should non use cruise control on icy or slippery roads.
This is even more of import when the road may have black water ice formed on it (a thin layer of transparent ice plant on the route or other paved surfaces).
Traction varies tremendously with temperature changes. Icy roads volition expect only the same at -ii C or -22 C, simply volition be far more slippery at the warmer temperature. Winter driving calls for special driving skills. This means
Reduced traction means the grip between your tires and the slippery surface is fragile.
If you advance hard, yous go beyond the corporeality of traction that is bachelor and your wheels spin. If you brake too hard and your wheels lock, y’all intermission the traction, which means that when you lot plow the steering wheel, the vehicle will not plow – it volition continue in the direction it was going when the wheels locked.
If this occurs on water ice, your stopping altitude changes. In most situations, locking four wheels by pushing hard on the brakes volition give y’all the shortest stopping distance. Merely on ice, specially when it’s well-nigh the freezing point or if y’all are driving fast, you are better off to threshold-brake past pushing on the brake upward to the point just before it locks. (See Threshold braking.)
If the surface is glace, flatten the corner or curve by positioning your vehicle in the left side of your lane prior to making your plow.
As you enter the curve, gradually steer beyond the lane and then that equally you near the mid-signal of the curve the vehicle is almost the right side of the lane with its wheels straight. As you lot get out the bend, gradually steer dorsum beyond the lane towards the left side. For left curves, reverse the procedure. This will lessen the sideways force and reduce the chance that you lot volition spin out. Slow entry into the bend is crucial or your vehicle may not brand it around the curve.
Because there is reduced traction available for stopping and turning, reduce your speed when weather are wet or slippery. As well, give yourself a following distance even longer than iii seconds.
1. Never utilise cruise control when roads are wet or slippery.
How to get moving
You can usually kickoff moving on water ice or packed snow by accelerating gently. If this does not work, or if you are on a slight downgrade, attempt moving in 2d gear.
If you’re stuck in deep snowfall, try rocking your vehicle. To practice this, start forward, gently accelerate and you will motility forward a petty. When your wheels spin, immediately stop accelerating and hold the vehicle with the brake to stop it from rolling back. Shift to opposite, release the brake and accelerate gently. Yous will motion back. When the wheels spin again, stop immediately. Repeat the forrard-backward rocking movement, increasing the distance you lot move each fourth dimension until y’all gain sufficient momentum to continue moving ahead. Exist sure the wheels have stopped turning before changing gears to avoid damage to your transmission.
Search for traction. Look for sand or dust. Cull snow rather than ice. A small movement to one side will ofttimes movement you from a low traction icy patch onto snow or sand. This motion tin usually be completed in your lane.
How to finish on slippery surfaces
- Shift to
(or declutch) before you lot restriction.
early and gently
using the threshold technique. (See Threshold braking.)
- Again, search for the best traction and position your vehicle to have advantage of information technology.
- Allow extra space for other drivers to finish. They may non be every bit skilled as you lot, or their traction may exist worse.
Temptations to resist
- Accelerating hard when you are passing.
- Using cruise control on wet or slippery roads.
- Forgetting that other drivers may not be making proper allowances for wintertime weather condition.
- Letting your gas tank drop below half full.
Whiteouts occur when the heaven, horizon and ground blend into one, making it very hard to determine your position on the road. All shadows and distinctions disappear, so that you tin barely tell where the road ends and the ditch begins.
The beginning snowfalls
During the first few snowfalls, drive very slowly and keep a 6-second following distance. It takes time to modify from your summer driving patterns. Exaggerate your gentleness on your restriction and accelerator pedals and you will stay out of the line-ups at the body store.
Lives continue to be lost in Saskatchewan winter blizzards.
Wearing apparel warmly for long trips. Do not exist deceived by the false comfort of a well-heated car and wear indoor clothes on long journeys.
Before starting a long trip, listen to atmospheric condition forecasts and pay attention to tempest warnings. If storms develop while you’re travelling, seriously consider stopping over in a town or village, rather than standing, when there is a possibility of being stranded.
If you are stranded:
- Always stay with your vehicle.
- Keep calm.
- Lower your downwind-side windows slightly and open the heater air vent to get fresh air into the vehicle.
- Run the engine to go some heat, and to mind to news reports or charge your cellphone, but don’t run out of gas or bleed your battery.
- Go along your exhaust pipe clear of ice and snow.
- Get into your emergency wear earlier y’all get common cold.
- If necessary, use candles to keep warm. Be careful not to overexert yourself by shovelling or past pushing your vehicle.
Many people die when they leave their vehicles to walk for aid in a blizzard. If yous stay with your vehicle, you have a improve take a chance of surviving and are more probable to be institute.
You Are Driving on a Highway in Slippery Road Conditions